IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A STEM CELL TRANSPLANT AND BONE
now, the most common way to transfer stem cells from one person
to another has been through bone marrow transplantation, which
is a complex and risky procedure. Cord blood transplantation
eliminates many of the problems associated with bone marrow
transplants should your child need such treatment sometime
in the future. With the availability of your childís own cord
blood stem cells, you do not have to look for a suitable match,
the painful bone marrow extraction procedure will not be necessary,
and the transplant will not be rejected.†
AND HOW DO YOU COLLECT THE CORD BLOOD STEM CELLS?
The collection process takes place after delivery when the
cord has been separated from your newborn infant. In no way
does it interfere with the birth of your baby. Your attending
physician, nurse or midwife collects the cord blood into a
special, sterile kit provided by the Blood Center. The collected
cord blood is sealed in a specially designed package and delivered
to our laboratory for testing and processing. It is then stored
in a special freezer. ††
SAFE IS THIS FOR MY BABY, AND FOR ME?
first priority is the care and well being of the baby. This
procedure is very safe because the blood is collected after
the cord has been separated from your baby. ††
IT HURT ME OR MY BABY? WILL EITHER OF US FEEL IT? ††
you nor your baby will feel anything since this procedure
is only done after the cord has been detached. †
SHOULD I PRESERVE MY BABYíS CORD BLOOD?
pregnancy, the umbilical cord is the lifeline between mother
and baby. Once the umbilical cord is discarded after your
babyís birth, you lose the chance to preserve these precious
cells that are an exact match for your child. Preserve your
babyís ďtreasureĒ of stem cells with a guaranteed match so
you will have life-saving protection against disease in the
event that a life-threatening disease develops for your child
or a sibling. ††
DISEASES CAN BE HELPED/CURED THROUGH THE TRANSPLANTATION OF
cells are used today in the treatment of leukemia, breast
cancer, lymphoma, Hodgkinís Disease, Aplastic Anemia, various
other cancers, blood diseases, hereditary/genetic conditions
and immune system disorders. There are approximately 1.4 million
new cancer cases each year. As stem cell transplants become
more routine they may be used to fight lung cancer, Sickle
Cell Anemia, Multiple Sclerosis, Lupus, AIDS and many genetic
I DONíT WISH TO PRESERVE THE CORD BLOOD FOR MY BABY, CAN I
DONATE IT SO SOME OTHER CHILD OR ADULT CAN BENEFIT? †††
The umbilical cord is routinely discarded after the birth.
You can preserve these life-saving stem cells by donating
them to the Blood Center so they can become a lifeline for
another child or adult suffering from a life-threatening illness.
There is no charge to you for this option. ††
MANY AND WHAT TESTS ARE DONE ON THE BLOOD?
The FDA requires eight tests to be performed on the motherís
blood and the cord blood. We conduct all eight tests and an
additional three tests ;†one for bacterial contaminants to
make sure that the product from the cord blood is sterile,
and the other two are to determine the number and viability
of stem cells in the cord blood. ††
WE GET THE RESULTS OF ANY TESTS THAT ARE DONE? WHAT TYPE OF
FOLLOW UP IS THERE?
parents, upon signing a release form, can receive the test
LONG CAN THESE CELLS BE STORED AND STILL BE USABLE?
suggests that these cells can last indefinitely. If you choose
to save your babyís cells, they will be uniquely labeled and
will be released only to you or to your child after he or
she turns 18 years old. ††
SHOULD I PRESERVE MY BABYíS CORD BLOOD? †
there is a history of any of the listed diseases in the family,
having a perfect stem cell match is future protection for
your baby; preserving these cells is insurance, should any
of these diseases develop over time, even though no history
IF I CHOOSE NOT TO PRESERVE THESE STEM CELLS FOR MY BABY
WHAT HAPPENS TO THEM?
the birth of your infant, the cord is routinely discarded,
or you can donate these stem cells to the Blood Center so
that they will be available to potentially save the life of
another child or an adult. ††
SOME POINT IN THE FUTURE IF MY CHILD OR ANOTHER FAMILY MEMBER
NEEDS THESE CELLS, CAN WE CLAIM THEM?
cells are uniquely labeled; no one can access these cells
except you or your child when over the age of 18 years. †
IF THERE IS A HISTORY OF A DISEASE IN THE FAMILY, SUCH AS
LEUKEMIA, WOULD IT BE IN THE GENES? IF
SO, WOULD STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION FROM THE CORD BLOOD STILL
BE AN EFFECTIVE WAY TO TREAT THE DISEASE?
is not present at the beginning of life, but is developed
by mutation or change in normal genes later in life. Stem
cells in cord blood represent cells before any changes have
occurred in their genes. In case of other types of cancers
(e.g. solid tumors), stem cells are not involved and can be
used for transplantation. ††
THE BABYíS STEM CELLS BE USED FOR THE SECOND BABY AND VICE
VERSA? OR FOR A RELATIVE OR FRIEND?
cells from a baby are a perfect match only for the baby or
for an identical twin, though they may be a close match for
a second baby (1:4 chance). A relativeís or friendís cells
have to match, or closely match, the babyís type in order
to be useful.†
STEPS DO I HAVE TO TAKE TO BECOME REGISTERED IN THIS PROGRAM?
preserve the stem cells for your baby, or to donate them to
the community, complete the Registration Form, Questionnaire
and the Consent Form. Call the Blood Center at 201-444-3900
for paperwork and information. †
LONG PRIOR TO MY DUE DATE SHOULD THE APPLICATION BE COMPLETED?
prefer that you contact us at least four weeks prior to your
due date, which gives you time to review the materials and
ask questions. However, you can decide closer to your due
THERE A FEE FOR THIS PROCEDURE?
There is no fee for donating to the community. If you decide
to store for yourself, there is a one-time fee for the collection
kit, collection, processing, all associated tests and an annual
storage fee. Cord blood stem cells are processed, tested,
stored, monitored and are available immediately upon request.
IS THE FEE DUE?
one months after the successful collection, testing and processing
of the cord blood, with the option of selecting the payment
IF YOU CANíT RETRIEVE THE CELLS FROM THE CORD AT BIRTH? WILL
I STILL HAVE TO PAY THE ENTIRE FEE OR PART OF THE FEE?
the collection is not successful there is absolutely no fee
IT BE COVERED BY MY MEDICAL PLAN?
health plans are investigating whether to covering this procedure;
†as the procedure becomes routine it will probably be covered†by
most medical plans. ††
THIS SOMETHING MY INSURANCE COMPANY SHOULD BE INFORMED OF?
should alert your medical insurance plan provider that you
are participating in the cord blood program. †
WHAT IS THE MEDICAL CRITERIA TO ENTER THESE PROGRAMS?
a baby that is born full-term. †
HAPPENS IF IT IS A MULTIPLE BIRTH?
is decided on a case-by-case basis. ††
IíM IN LABOR, OR ABOUT TO DELIVER, IíM NOT LIKELY TO BE CONCERNED
ABOUT ANY EXTRA DETAILS. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN I ARRIVE AT THE
just carry the kit we have given you to the delivery room;
the cord blood will be collected and the Blood Center will
pick it up from the hospital. If the donation is for the community,
the same procedure will be followed. †
THE DOCTORS/NURSES AT MY HOSPITAL FAMILIAR WITH THE COLLECTION
you register into the program with the Blood Center, you should
discuss this with your physician. †
THE BABY HAS BEEN DELIVERED AND THE PROCEDURE OF COLLECTING
THE CELLS HAS BEEN COMPLETED, HOW DO THE CELLS GET TO THE
collection, the hospital will call the Blood Center (24-hour-service)
and we will pick it up, bring it to the center and begin the
processing procedure. ††
YOU LICENSED TO PERFORM THIS PROCEDURE?
we are licensed by the New Jersey Department of Health and
we have an accreditation by the American Association of Blood
THE FDA MONITOR THIS PROCESS AND DO YOU HAVE THEIR APPROVAL
TO DO THIS?
date, the FDA does not regulate this procedure. However, since
we are a Blood Center and must follow all FDA guidelines and
regulations for the collection, testing and processing of
blood and blood products, we monitor ourselves and follow
the same safety/sterile procedures in this program as we do
for all other programs. The tests performed are the same tests
done on every unit of blood collected. †
THERE COMPANIES WHO DO THIS?
there are other for-profit companies licensed in New Jersey.
SHOULD WE CHOOSE THE BLOOD CENTER?
Community Regional Blood Center (BCRBC), founded in 1954,
is a not-for-profit organization devoted to serve the needs
of the community in the area of transfusion medicine. The
BCRBC collects, tests and distributes blood and blood products
to approximately 21 hospitals, medical centers in seven counties
in New Jersey and New York.